Rice(Oryza Sativa) as a cereal grain, is the most important staple food for a large part of the world’s human population, especially in East and South Asia, the Middle East, Latin America, and the West Indies. It is the grain with the second-highest worldwide production, after maize (corn). Since a large portion of maize crops are grown for purposes other than human consumption, rice is the most important grain with regards to human nutrition and caloric intake, providing more than one fifth of the calories consumed worldwide by the human species. India is the world’s second largest producer of white rice, accounting for 20% of all world rice production.
There are four major categories of Rice worldwide: